Tuesday, May 22, 2007

Musim Tembakau di Tengah Ancaman Over Produksi

Petani Tak Peduli, Optimistis seperti Tahun Lalu

Masa tanam "daun emas" kembali datang. Petani pun kembali berkeringat turun ke sawah. Mereka antusias memulai masa tanam tahun 2007 dengan penuh harapan. Seakan tak peduli terhadap iklim yang kadang tak menentu, petani tetap saja nekad memulai masa tanam.

Sebenarnya, petani nekad memulai masa tanam meski iklim tak menentu, sudah maklum. Bagi petani, jika sudah sampai pada masa tanam, alasan musim merupakan persoalan yang kesekian. Yang terpenting, memulai masa tanam, persoalan belakangan.

Sikap yang demikian ini sudah menjadi stereotipe di kalangan petani. Bagi petani, menanam tembakau terlanjur menjadi wajib hukumnya. Tanpa menanam tembakau, seperti ada yang kurang dalam kehidupan mereka. Maklum, dengan tembakau mereka mendapatkan keuntungan lumayan besar. Meski kadang mereka harus menelan kerugian yang besar pula.

Masa tanam tahun 2007 telah berlangsung sejak beberapa hari terakhir. Seperti yang telah dijelaskan, petani seperti tak peduli terhadap persoalan apapun. Termasuk, mengenai kabar kemungkinan adanya over produksi tembakau tahun ini.

"Istilah over produksi itu sudah biasa didengar. Bagi petani, tidak masalah. Sebab, setiap tahun istilah seperti itu sudah sering disampaikan. Tapi, kenyataannya tembakau petani tidak ada yang tidak terjual," ujar Mat Soleh, petani asal Desa Mortajih, Kecamatan Pademawu, Pamekasan. Menurut dia, petani secara langsung atau tidak langsung kurang memperdulikan mengenai persoalan yang akan timbul di kemudian hari. Khususnya, saat menjelang masa panen. "Yang penting, saat ini menanam dulu. Masalah harga itu kan nanti," tuturnya.

Dia hanya satu dari sekian petani yang telah memulai masa tanam tembakau. Saat ini, ribuan petani telah mulai menanam tembakau. Mereka tersebar di 13 kecamatan. Areal tembakau paling banyak berada di Kecamatan Batumarmar.

Jika mengacu kepada proyeksi areal tembakau 2007, kuat kemungkinan akan adanya over produksi tembakau. Pasalnya, kenaikan areal tembakau tidak diikuti dengan naiknya rencana pembelian pihak pabrikan. Akibatnya, produksi tembakau tahun 2007 terancam over produksi. Karenanya, perlu ada upaya strategis dari pihak terkait untuk mencegah adanya over produksi tersebut.
Seperti di Pamekasan, imbauan pemkab agar petani tidak seluruhnya menanam lahannya dengan tembakau pada tahun ini, tampaknya, sulit diindahkan. Itu karena harga tembakau pada tahun lalu yang cukup mengembirakan dengan kisaran Rp 20 ribu-Rp 32 ribu per kg, menjadi alasan petani untuk kembali berlomba-lomba menanam tembakau.

Buktinya, Joko Supriyadi, warga Desa Bangkal, Kecamatan Kota Sumenep, berencana menanam 600 ribu bibit tembakau di areal seluas 15 hektare pada musim tanam. Tahun lalu, dia hanya menanam 250 ribu bibit di lahan 6 hektare.
Semangat untuk menanam tembakau dalam jumlah yang lebih besar pada tahun ini karena tahun lalu Joko meraih untung cukup besar. Nah, gara-gara bagusnya harga tembakau tahun lalu itu, gairah petani untuk menanam tembakau pada musim tanam tahun ini diduga sangat tinggi.

Jika hal ini tidak segera diatasi lebih dini, dikekhawatiran kasus tahun 2005 bakal terulang kembali. Pada tahun lalu, terjadinya over produksi tembakau. Akibatnya, harga tembakau di pasaran anjlok.

Pemkab diminta segera melakukan antisipasi dini untuk mengatasi kecenderungan terjadinya kelebihan produksi tembakau pada musim tanam tahun ini. Pasalnya, masyarakat tampaknya sedang "berlomba-lomba" untuk menanam tembakau pada tahun ini gara-gara bagusnya harga tembakau pada tahun lalu. (tim)

Sumber: Jawa Pos, 21/05/2007

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